Day of Makar Sankranti is decided as per Hindu Solar calendar, Panchang.Makar Sankranti is observed when the Sun transits from Sagittarius to Capricorn and is at 0 degrees of Capricorn makar Rashi.
Typically, it falls on the first day of the tenth solar month in most Hindu calendars.Currently the day of Sankranti falls either on January 14 or January 15 on Gregorian calendar. If Sankranti moment occurs before sunset then it is observed on the same day otherwise it is observed on the next day.
The Two Main Periods of the Year, is divided by the Movement of the Sun in Northerly or Southerly Direction
Sun’s descent into the phase of Uttarayana which is from Sidereal Capricorn to Cancer, thus its movement is in the northerly direction. This is extremely auspicious as traditionally for thousands of years it has come to be associated with the reaping of the harvest.Hence it is a time, when the winter is at its peak and will soon be easing up thus bringing down the harshness of winters. (See the Ritu Seasons chart below). It is celebrated throughout the country in form of Kite flying to making sweets made of jaggery, sesame(black) and coconut, and savoury items
Makar Sankranti is known as Uttarayan in Gujarat,India. Uttarayan is a significant festival in Gujarat spread over 2 days. The first day of Sankranti is known as Uttarayan and the next day of Uttarayan is known as Vasi Uttarayan. The day is considered highly auspicious and is dedicated to Lord Surya. In the western part of the country, which encompasses the states of Maharashtra & Gujarat, it is celebrated over two days. Kite-flying and eating Undiyo ane muthia on the terraces, is a given. Often the meal is centred around the Undhiyu which is spicy baked mix of winter vegetables (Recipe below), sweet rice pudding, Chikki (squares of blocks which is made from sesame seeds, peanuts and jaggery).
Kids and adults alike are exposed to the winter Sun, by the recreational game of Kite flying is a massive tradition, and exists still.
All parts of the country have different tastes but all have a similar sort of celebration meal.
Some of favourite recipes are given below, and of course they can be altered to one’s environment, diet, lifestyle. It is worth still giving it a shot and trying to make it on your own!
Why is it significant Sun’s Sojourn into the Zero Degrees Capricorn till Zero Degrees Cancer
The Sacred importance of Sun-God is epitomised in the Samba Purana as follows
Narada spoke : – O Samba, Son of the yadu race, all the three worlds have originated from the Sun God.The entire universe inclusive of Gods, demons and human beings came into existence from the Sun god himself.
The all-encompassing splendour of Rudra, Visnu, Indra, excellent Brahmanas and Gods living in the heaven and the other worldly glory of all other creatures is based upon the Sun-God.
He is the Soul of all beings. He is the soveriegn of all the worlds.He is the God of Gods and he is the lord of all human beings. He is the Soul of the 3 worldsand is the supreme God.The obliations offered into the fire Agni, reaches the Sun God.The Sun gives rains and the rains produce food and the food produce creatures.
Thus we see, the importance of Sun’s movement from season to season, from One Direction to another.
He is the King of the Planets and the Master of the World, the thousand rayed Sun illuminates the Earth Bhu-loka by his three hundred rays. With these rays he produces in Hemanta-Sishir (Winter) Seasons Samba Purana
The 7th form of Sun God is known as Bhaga, and is situated in the Earth as well as in the bodies of human beings. Bhaga as a Aditya, Sun-God is associated with the Sign Capricorn.It embodies our connection to the earthly existence through our bodies.
We may have fathomed by now that the Sun indeed is the giver of Seasons. Being born in a season has special significances. And each of these six seasons is linked with the Sun’s connection through a special Constellation, Fixed Star and is named after.Meanwhile here is a short description of the seasons, in the Vedic Context and what they signify to be born in one of the 6 seasons, as per Jataka Bharnam.
Natives born here are endowed with splendour & magnificence,learning, weatlth & gains, eloquent speaker, long hair, voluptuous and lover of water sports
|Mithuna – Gemini||
Native is Conqueror in battles, intelligent, valourous,lover of horse riding,has handsome appearances, phlegmatic,of windy nature,has love for woman and worldly pleasures.
|Kataka – Cancer||
Śarad – Autumn
Native born here are slightly prone to anger,of windy nature, honoured and respected,has interest in doing his work,is pure of heart,loves battles and has means of conveyance.
|Kanya – Virgo||Ashwin||September-October|
|Thula – Libra||Kartik||October-November||
(Late-Autumn, Early Winter)
Native born here is Kings’ Minister, wise, clever, generous, liberal,virtuous, is excellent in performance of his work, is engaged in doing religious deeds, is thoughtful wise and always courteous.
|Vrischika – Scorpio||Agahana / Margashira||November-December|
|Dhanus – Sagittarius||Pausa||December-January||
Natives born here is lover of sweet foods, afflicted by hunger, (restlessness due to hunger) has happiness from sons and wife, is doer of good and virtuous deeds, handsome, prone to anger and endowed with strength.
|Kumbha – Aquarius||Phalguna||Feb-March||
Natives born in here are extremely beautiful,intelligent,valourous,
skilled in music and Mathematics, proficient in the Study of Sastras, wears clean clothes and has pure heart.
|Meena – Pissces||Chaitra||March-April|
A whole Solar Year where the Sun goes through all the 12 Zodiacal signs Rashis, giving the seasons, is divided into two main parts. One is the Uttarayana, which is the Sun’s travel through the Northerly direction from sign of Capricorn till its ingress into Cancer.
Natives born in this UttaraAyana is said to remain happy,happiness from sons and wife, enjoys long life, is of righteous or moral conduct, generous or liberal and has patience and endurance.
While the start of the Dakshinaya movement in Southerly direction, marking the Sun’s ingress into Cancer to Capricorn and all signs covering them.
Natives born is Yamayayana or Dashinayana is excessively proud, agriculturist, keeps cattle like cows(!), buffaloes, etc, is hard hearted,deceitful and intolerant. Jataka Bharnam
RECIPE for Undhiyu &
SWEET RICE + BANANA PUDDING
Ingredients for Sweet Rice+Banana+Cocnut pudding – Serve Warm or Cold with Shavings
1 cup raw rice-pudding , washed and drained
1 cup milk or cashew / almond milk
2 cups chopped jaggery (gur) / Coconut Natural Sugar
2 tbsp ghee / Cooconut butter
2 tbsp raisins
1 tsp cardamom (elaichi) powder
1/4 tsp Mace and Allspice and Cinnamon powders
a few strands of saffron (kesar) strands
680 × 839